Labor market trends and tendencies in hungarian public sector in light of an empirical research


  • Katalin Tóth Szent István Egyetem
  • Tímea Juhász
  • Ferenc Zsigri Szent István Egyetem
  • Zoltán Hazafi National University of Public Service
  • Gábor Szakács National University of Public Service
  • Ádám Kovács Selye János University
  • József Poór Szent István Egyetem, Selye János University



turnover, shortage of labor, public sector


Employee turnover is a current challenge of human resource management in organizations. Staff turnover is regarded as a key performance indicator for Human Resources departments, and a serious rise in its level points to events, issues or problems which may severely hamper the successful and efficient operation of any organization. Hence, in such cases immediate measures should be taken to curtail turnover. The paper reviews briefly current trends of labor market and specific HRM challenges of public services. In this study an empirical research is also introduced. Employees with adequate professional experience represent outstanding value for operational efficiency, a turnover index compiled by on a sectoral basis, highlights the fact that turnover is highest among blue collar workers in the private sector. Surprisingly, within the same group in the public sector turnover is typically low. At the same time, however, our 2017 results show that astonishingly high levels of turnover (even 40%) may also occur in public sector organizations. Public sector in Hungary has provided life long employment but the new labor regulation and labor shortages have drastic changed the particular traits.


Szerző életrajzok

  • Katalin Tóth, Szent István Egyetem

    master teacher

  • Tímea Juhász

    SAP consultant

  • Ferenc Zsigri, Szent István Egyetem

    PhD student

  • Zoltán Hazafi, National University of Public Service

    associate professor

  • Gábor Szakács, National University of Public Service

    associate professor

  • Ádám Kovács, Selye János University

    PhD student

  • József Poór, Szent István Egyetem, Selye János University



Bagó J. (2018): Labor shortages in Hungary. (In Hungarian) Optus et Educatio, 5. évfolyam 2. szám, 207-205. p

Balás E. (2018): Turnover at local government offices. (In Hungarian). Comitatus. Önkormányzati Szemle, 28. évf. 229. sz. 94-102. p

Barrett K., Greene, R. (2014): 3 Ways to Keep Public Employees from Leaving.. In Governing. (Downloaded: 2019. 01.10.)

Barrett K., Greene R. (2007): Why Do Employees Leave the Public Sector? In Governing. Leave.html (Downloaded: 2019. 01.10.)

Blooment-Bdo (2018): Major labor market problems in Central and Eastern Europe. (In Hungarian) kozep-europaban/ (Downloaded: 2018. 12.17.)

BBJ. (2018): Hungarians working abroad above EU average. In Budapest Business Journal (BBJ): _149883 (Downloaded: 2019.01.11.)

Boudreau W. J. (2010): Retooling HR- Using Proven Business Tools to Make Better Decisions About Talent. Boston: Harvard Business School Publishing Corporation

Carroll – Izard D. M. (2016) Public Sector Leaders' Strategies to Improve Employee Retention. In Walden University ScholarWorks. ations (Downloaded: 2019. 01.10.)

Domokos L., Jakovác K., Németh E. (2016): Challenges on behalf of the labor market. (In Hungarian) In Pénzügyi Szemle eloadasok/a-kozszfera-munkaeropiaci-kihivasai (Downloaded: 2019. 01.10.)

Gellén M. (2013), Relationships between public and private sectors in light of planning of individual career paths. (In Hungarian) In Researchgate. a_viszonya_az_egyeni_karrierutak_tervezeseben (Downloaded: 2019. 01.10.)

Grissom J. A., Viano L. S., Selin J. (2016): Understanding Employee Turnover in the Public Sector: Insights from Research on Teacher Mobility. Public Administration Review, 76 (2), 241–251. p.

Grissom J. A., Crotty N. J., Keiser L. (2016): Does My Boss’s Gender Matter? Explaining Job Satisfaction and Employee Turnover in the Public Sector. In Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory. Volume 22, Issue 4, 1 October 2012, Pages 649–673, DOI: (Downloaded: 2019. 01.10.)

Groeneveld S. (2011): Diversity and employee turnover in the Dutch public sector: Does diversity management make a difference? International Journal of Public Sector Management, Vol. 24 Issue: 6, 594-612. p

Hazafi Z. (2015): Some thoughts about competitiveness of public sector from point of views of labor market development. (In Hungarian) Hadtudomány (online), 25, 12- 20. p

Hír TV. (2018): Since 10 years of unchanged wages, thousands of unfilled jobs. (In Hungarian) In Hír TV. tobb-ezer-betoltetlen-munkahely-2462726 (Downloaded: 2019. 01.19.)

HRPortal (2018): Massive labor shortage, unchanged wages for 10 years. (In Hungarian) berek-20180612.html (Downloaded: 2018. 12.22.)

Izard-Caroll M. (2016): Public Sector Leaders' Strategies to Improve Employee Retention. Walden University ScholarWorks

Kádár K.-Luksander A.—Szászné Fülöp N. (2018): Analysis about activity rates. (In Hungarian) Állami Számvevőszék, Budapest

KSH (2018): Indicator system of social development. Unemployment (2003-2017). (In Hungarian) (Downloaded: 2018. 12.17.)

Linder V. (2014): International Trends in Public Service; Legal and Human Resource Management Solutions, (In Hungarian) Nemzeti Közszolgálati Egyetem (NKE): Budapest. http://m.ludita.uni quence=1&isAllowed=y (Downloaded: 2019. 01.10.)

Mádi L. (2018): Labor market and unemployment. (In Hungarian) In Magyar Idők. (Downloaded: 2019. 01.19.)

McGowan A. M., Andrews D. (2015): „Skill Mismatch and Public Policy in OECD Countries”, OECD Economics Department Working Papers, No. 1210, OECD Publishing, Paris. DOI: (Downloaded: 2019. 01.10.)

Miller O. (2018): Employee Turnover in the Public Sector. Routledge, New York

Samuel O. M., Chipunza C. (2009): Employee retention and turnover: Using motivational variables as a panacea. In African Journal of Business Management Vol.3 (8), 410-415. p

Sebők M. (2017): Empirical researches on fields of labor shortages and labor mobility. (In Hungarian) In Tudásmenedzsment. A Pécsi Tudományegyetem Kultúratudományi, Pedagógusképző és Vidékfejlesztési Kar periodikája. XVIII. évfolyam 2. szám

Schrale Á. (2016) How much has employment increased in Hungary since 2008? (In Hungarian) (Downloaded: 2018. 12.17.)

Selin J. L. (2015): Understanding Employee Turnover in the Public Sector: Insights from Research on Teacher Mobility. Public Administration Review • Vol. 76, Iss. 2, 241–251. p. (The American Society for Public Administration) DOI:

Székely S. (2018): Foreign workers started flooding Hungary. (In Hungarian) In Menedzsment fórum. [online] Available at: kezdtek-a-kulfoldi munkavallalokmagyarorszagra.html?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=referral [Downloaded: 2019.01.11]

TASR (2019): Analysts: The labor market could gradually ease in 2019. (In Slovak) In Trend. (Downloaded: 2018.12.10.) prace-by-sa-mohol-v-roku-2019-postupne-uvolnovat.html (Downloaded: 2019. 01.07.)

Thomas A. (2017): 5 Things Successful Companies Do to Retain Top Talent do-to-retain-top-talent (Downloaded: 2019. 01.07.)

Žuffa R. (2017): When employers lack people. (In Slovak) In Dennik SME. (Downloaded: 2019. 01.08.)




Hasonló cikkek

1-10 a 88-ból/ből

You may also Haladó hasonlósági keresés indítása for this article.