Estimation of food and nutritional security in azerbaijan: a case study of the Ganja-Gazakh region


  • Ragif Huseynov Szent István University, Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, György Enyedi Doctoral School of Regional Studies



Food Availability, Food Access, Food Utilization, Food Stability, Azerbaijan


This paper seeks to estimate household food security situation in the Ganja-Gazakh region of Azerbaijan based on both rural and urban areas of the Ganja-Gazakh region by identifying the food consumption and nutritional security situation of individual households. Primary data was generated from 300 households through simple random sampling. A face to face survey interview was conducted to collect quantitative and qualitative data on food and nutritional security such as availability, access, utilization, and stability. The Dietary intake method (DIA) was applied to estimate the food and nutritional security of households with the help of 7 days’ recall method. The empirical results showed that besides the adequate food availability situation, the problem of malnourishment is still existing among both urban and rural households of Ganja-Gazakh region of Azerbaijan. More than 20 percent of households were found food insecure in the selected region. Likewise, the situation of nutritional security was also estimated. It the study revealed that most of the households were undernourished. The present level of protein, zinc, and iron was low among households. The condition of micro and macronutrients was severe. Based on the findings of this study, there is urgent need for the government to launch short and long term public and private programs to overcome the issue of food and nutritional insecurity rural and urban areas of Azerbaijan.

Információk a szerzőről

  • Ragif Huseynov, Szent István University, Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, György Enyedi Doctoral School of Regional Studies

    PhD student


Barrett, C. B. (1996). Market analysis methods: Are our enriched toolkits well suited to enlivened markets? American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 78, 825–829.

Bashir, M.K., S. Schilizzi, and R. Pandit. 2013. Reginal Sensitivity of Rural Household Food Security: The Case of Punjab, Pakistan. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 23(4): 1200-1206.

Brück, T., Esenaliev, D., Kroeger, A., Kudebayeva, A., Mirkasimov, B., & Steiner, S. (2012). Household survey data for research on well- being and behavior in Central Asia. DIW Discussion Papers, No. 1257.

Chaaban, J., Ghattas, H., Irani, A., & Alban, T. (2018). Targeting mechanisms for cashtransfers using regional aggregates. Food Security, 10(2), 457–472.

Chabot, P., & Tondel, F. (2011). A regional view of wheat markets and food Security in Central Asia. United States Agency for International Development: Famine early warning systems network (FEWS NET), world food Programme.

Clapp, J. (2017). Food self-sufficiency: Making sense of it, and when it makes sense. Food Policy, 66, 88–96.

Dickey, D. A., & Fuller, W. A. (1981). Likelihood ratio statistics for autoregressive time series with a unit root. Econometrica, 49(4), 1057–1072.

Djuric, I., Götz, L., Svanidze, M., & Glauben, T. (2017). Agricultural market integration in the commonwealth of independent states – What are the main driving forces and challenges? In G. Egilmez (Ed.), Agricultural Value Chain (pp. 139–160). InTechOpen.

Engle, R. F., & Granger, C. W. (1987). Co-integration and error correction: Representation, estimation, and testing. Econometrica, 55, 251– 276.

FAO (2011a).Country rank in the World, by commodity. Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations, Statistics Division.

FAO (2015a). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Retrieved from

FAO, (2010). The state of food insecurity in the World: addressing food insecurity in protracted crises. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.

FAO, (2011b).Food balance sheets. Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations, Statistics Division.

FAO, (2013). The state of food insecurity in the World: The multiple dimensions of food security. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.

FAO. (2003). World summit on food Security: Draft declaration of the world summit on food security. Rome: FAO.

FAO. (2015b). Regional overview of food insecurity: Europe and Central Asia. Rome: FAO.

Ilyasov, J. (2016). Fuel to food: Evidence of price pass-through in Kyrgyzstan. Research paper presented at the Samarkand Conference "Regional and International Cooperation in Central Asia and South Caucasus: Recent developments in Agricultural Trade", November 2–4, 2016. Samarkand, Uzbekistan.

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). 2010 Republic of Azerbaijan Integrated Rural Development Project (IRDP) Project Design Report, Volume I: Main Report.

IFAD, International Fund for Agricultural Development (2014): accessed on 2020.02.18

Jafarova, Aynur. (2016). Azerbaijan enjoys a great capacity to export agricultural products, industrial goods. AZERNEWS, (Online),

Johansen, S. (1988). Statistical analysis of cointegration vectors. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 12(2–3), 231–254.

Johansen, S. (1991), “Estimation and Hypothesis Testing of Cointegrating Vectors in Gaussian Vector Autoregressive Models,” Econometrica, 59, 1551-1580

Khalilov, H., Shalbuzov, N., Huseyn, R. (2015). Country Report: Azerbaijan. Research Institute of Agricultural Economics, Azerbaijan.

Mary, S. (2019). Hungry for free trade? Food trade and extreme hunger in developing countries. Food Security. DOI: s12571-019-00908-z.

Ministry of Economic Development of Azerbaijan Republic, Economic Development Scientific Research Institute (2016), Reports (Azerbaycan Respublikası IQTİSADİ Inkişaf Nazirliyi Iqtisadi İslahatlar Elmi-Tadqiqat İnstitutu).

Murgai, R., M. Ali and D. Byerlee. 2001. The World Bank Research Observer, 16(2): 199-218.

Pesaran, M.H., and Y. Shin (1999), “An Autoregressive Distributed Lag Modeling Approach to Cointegration Analysis,” in Econometrics and Economic Theory in the 20th Century: The Ragnar Frisch Centennial Symposium, ed., Strom, S., Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.

Pesaran, M.H., Y.Shin, and R.J. Smith (2001), "Bounds Testing Approaches to the Analysis of Level Relationships," Journal of Applied Econometrics, 16, 289-326.

Republic of Azerbaijan. 2008. State Program on Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Development in the Republic of Azerbaijan for 2008-2015.

Schmitz, A., & Kennedy, L. (2016). Food Security and the role of food storage. In A. Schmitz, L. Kennedy, & T. G. Schmitz (Eds.), Food Security in a food abundant world (pp. 1–17) Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Sutton, W. R., Srivastava, J. P., & Neumann, J. E. (2013). Looking beyond the hoizon: How climate change impacts and adaptation responses will reshape agriculture in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Washington, DC: World Bank.

Swart, R., Robinson J. & Cohen, S. 2003, “Climate Change and Sustainable Development: Expanding the Options” Climate Policy, vol.3, Suppl. 1, pp.19-40.

Swinnen, J., & van Herck, K. (2011). Food Security and the transition region. Rome: FAO investment Centre division.

Vasa, L. (2005). “Economic coherences between food consumption and income conditions in the Hungarian households” Annals of Agrarian Sciences, Vol. 1. pp. 228-232.

Watson, D. (2017). The political economy of food price policy during the global food price crisis of 2006-2008. Food Security, 9(3), 497–509. WFP (2016). World Food Programme. Retrieved from http://www.wfp. org/

WHO (2016). World Health Organization. Retrieved from http://www.

Willer H. and Lernoud, J. eds. (2015). The World of Organic Agriculture. Statistics and Emerging Trends 2015, Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FIBL), Frick and IFOAM-Organics International, Bonn.

World Bank, World Development Indicators-WDI. Washington DC: The World Bank Group, 2018.

World Data Atlas (2018). (Online) https:/




Hasonló cikkek

1-10 a 54-ból/ből

You may also Haladó hasonlósági keresés indítása for this article.