Barriers of the internationalization in smes in transition countries: evidence and methodological suggestion in case of Mongolia


  • Ulziimaa Altnaa Budapest Business School, Doctoral School of Entrepreneurship and Management
  • Neszmélyi György Iván Budapest Business School, Faculty of Commerce, Hospitality and Tourism



Small to medium-sized enterprises, Internationalization, Transition countries, Mongolia


Globally, Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) have been recognized as pivotal contributors to the country’s economy. The main goal of this paper is to investigate country specific barriers to the internationalization process in SMEs in the transition country’s context. SMEs in transition countries deal with the common challenges that are usually occurred in other economies as well and they also have to overcome challenges of institutional external and internal barriers during their internationalization. We set and suggest a mixed-method research design to explore barriers to the SMEs' internationalization phenomenon in transition countries from various perspectives using diverse approaches as Mongolia as a case. By this paper, we can contribute to the narrow existing literature in the field of the internationalization of SMEs in the transition countries by investigating SMEs in Mongolia so as to provide implications to researchers, practitioners, policymakers, and SME owners or managers.

Szerző életrajzok

  • Ulziimaa Altnaa, Budapest Business School, Doctoral School of Entrepreneurship and Management

    PhD student

  • Neszmélyi György Iván, Budapest Business School, Faculty of Commerce, Hospitality and Tourism



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