Impact of nutrient supply on the relative development of yield components of winter wheat
Keywords:winter wheat, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, yield components
In the long-term fertilization experiment, at Fülöpszállás, on calcic meadow chernozem soil we carried out experiments in seven growing seasons (2003/2004, 2004/2005, 2005/2006, 2006/2007, 2007/2008, 2008/2009, 2009/2010) with two winter wheat variety (GK Kalász, GK Petur,) in 4 replications, on 20 square meter random layout plots. The yield components were evaluated by kind of Sváb cumulative yield analysis. It can be determined that one-sided N, PK and NPK 2:1:1 rate applications had significant effect not only on yield of winter wheat, but also on yield components determining yield. Compare with the use of different nutrient rates it can be determined that in Fülöpszállás production site of high humus content, good P2O5 and K2O providing ability; in the case of one-sided N application only slightly, but under PK application higher increase in yield component could be realized compared to plants of unfertilized control plots. The NPK 2:1:1 rate application has spectacularly represented the cumulative effect of nutrients, as the appropriate rate of nutrients caused not only the aggregation of the effects of certain nutrient rates, but intensifying influences resulted in redoubling of its results. The higher rates of PK and certain 2:1:1 rate NPK treatments increase the values of yield components only to a lower extent compared to control treatment.
Copyright (c) 2020 István Kristó, Melinda Tar, Marianna Vályi Nagy, István Mihály Petróczi
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